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Manufactured In Germany


NEW - V220 & V281 Next Generation Amplifier
Inputs: XLR - RCA / Outputs: XLR - RCA

NEW - PRE V630 Preamplifier
Inputs: 3x RCA / Outputs: XLR Balanced - RCA

NEW - PPA V600 Phono Pre Amplifier
Inputs: 5 Pin XLR - RCA / Equalizer: Variable - Fixed

V800 Digital Audio Converter
Inputs: Balanced - Coax - Toslink - USB

V200 Headphone Amplifier DAC
Inputs: RCA - XLR Balanced - USB - Coax - Toslink

V181 Balanced Headphone Amplifier DAC
Inputs: RCA - XLR Balanced - USB - Coax - Toslink

V100 Headphone Amplifier DAC
Inputs: RCA - XLR Balanced - USB - Coax - Toslink

V90 Headphone Amplifier
Inputs: RCA

Amplifier DAC Technical Data
USB - COAX - Toslink

Applies to all 3 Input Modules
- The USB/COAX/Toslink input has priority over all other inputs and will mute these when valid data is received.
- In case of ordering a headphone amp and the USB/COAX/Toslink input at the same time,
the headphone amp will be delivered with the USB/COAX/Toslink option installed in place.
- Delivered afterwards, retrofitting is easily done and consists of pluging and screwing.
The installation manual can be mailed in advance on request.

USB Input with 24 Bit / 96 kHz
- The USB type-B input can be used to connect a host computer (desktop or laptop PC). It will be automatically detected as an audio device. The USB input is 1.1- and 2.0-compatible. Audio files stored on the host can be sent to the headphone amp whereas audio formats up to 24 bit with 44.1, 48 or 96 kHz are supported.
- The USB receiver forwards the data to a separate D/A converter offering 110 dB dynamic range and –100 dB THD+N.

COAX Input with 24 Bit / 96 kHz
- The coaxial digital input can be used to connect a digital device with a coaxial digital output (often called "S/P-DIF) like CD/DVD-Players or computers. PCM coded 2-channel digital data with sampling rates from 28 ... 108 kHz are supported. The electrical characteristics meets the S/P-DIF standard while the incoming data may be "professional" or "consumer" coded.
- The built-in digital receiver forwards the data to a separate D/A converter offering 110 dB dynamic range and –100 dB THD+N.

Toslink Input with 24 Bit / 96 kHz
- The optical TOS-link input can be used to connect a a dedicated device via light pipe. 2-channel audio files can be sent to the headphone amp whereas digital audio formats up to 24 bit with 28 ... 108 kHz sample rate are supported.
- The digital receiver forwards the data to a separate D/A converter offering 110 dB dynamic range and –100 dB THD+N.

Violectric Technology Exlpained

Which advantages do balanced signals offer?
In contrast to unbalanced signals, balanced signals are carried by two wires (plus ground/shield). In the transmitting device, a balanced signal is created by generating an inverted original signal (180 degrees phase shifted). The "hot" wire carries the original signal (a), the "cold" wire the inverted signal (-a). In the receiving device, the balanced signal is processed by a differential amplifier, which detects the difference between both: (a) - (-a) = 2a.
On its way between devices, the useful signal can be affected by interference (s). Interferences however are in phase on both wires and fed to the differential amplifier as well. Again, the amplifier detects the difference between the interference contents: (s) - (s) = 0. Thus - in an ideal situation - all interference on the signal path is eliminated.

Why are discrete signal paths important?
Twin op-amps are the most common design for operational amplifiers, i.e. two amplifier circuits are integrated in one device. If left- and right-channel signals are processed simultaneously by such a device, interaction between both cannot be excluded. This interaction is admittedly diminutive, but should be avoided whenever a different design offers the possibility.

Why are op-amps ideal for low-level signal processing?
Discrete amplifiers (designed with transistors) are very popular in High-End audio design also for preamplifier stages. This is often marketed as an optimization measure, but the partially exorbitant extra expenses are of course to be paid by the customer. But an op-amp consists of tranistors as well...
Moreover, its structure has the advantage of thermal coupling between its internal components. Also ageing issues play a much less important role. Due to the large number of op-amps types offered, it is possible to pick an optimum type for any specific application.

Why does an active feed-through make sense?
Each electronic device presents input impedance as well as input capacitance. If several devices would be coupled passively - e.g. with "Y" adapters - the resulting input parameters could provoke malfunction and instabilities. A buffer amplifier "reconditions" the signal and makes it compatible with other devices due to its low-impedance output.

Why does PRE-GAIN make sense?
Two extreme examples (with the headphone amplifier at 8dB (x 2.5) overall gain, volume control set to full):
1st example:
The (pre-)amplifier provides 4V output voltage, whereas the headphone requires only 2V for 100dB sound pressure level. With the control fully turned up, the amplifier would deliver 10V output at 8dB gain. Therefore the volume control would have to be operated very carefully in order to avoid hearing damage. Moreover, any interference at the input should be avoided since it would be "unforgivingly" amplified as well. With PRE-GAIN, the input level can be reduced by 12dB (a fourth), with 1V instead of 4V as the result. This 1V is again amplified by 2.5 (8 dB), then equalling 2.5V. Now the volume control can be turned over almost the entire range.
2nd example:
The (pre-)amplifier provides 1V, whereas the headphone requires 20V to release 100dB of sound pressure. With the volume control fully clockwise, the V200 would provide 2.5V at 8dB gain only - much to low for the headphone. By means of PRE-GAIN, input level can be boosted by 12dB (four times), resulting in effective 4V. These are again multiplied by 2.5 (8 dB), now equalling 10V. This is still not enough, but far closer to the optimum value: The headphone achieves 114dB sound pressure level.

Why does frequency bandwidth limiting make sense?
In signal processing, sound is represented by AC voltages. Sound is audible - for young people - from about 20 to 20000 Hz. The elder the listener, the less he will hear high frequencies in particular. In order to transmit these frequencies at optimum quality, the frequency response of an amplifier should be as wide and as "flat" as possible. At the low end of the scale, this limit is represented by DC, as there is no frequency lower than zero. In upward direction, the limit can be set to practically any frequency, but the higher, the more susceptible the device becomes concerning electro-magnetic interference. This is not audible in the first place, but may interfere with the useful signal and then become evident. Therefore, unrestricted frequency response attests thoughtlessness rather than remarkable engineering skill.

Why is a good volume pot essential?
A volume potentiometer is a mechanical control element, which can be obtained on the market at any low price. Meanwhile it is often replaced by electronic circuitry, exhibiting essential disadvantages concerning dynamic range, noise and distortion. Conductive-plastic resistive tracks, high-quality multitap wipers and separated chambers for the individual sections are highly desirable for sophisticated applications, and high quality is inevitable to ensure trouble-free operation for years. Since the market for really good pots is a small one, manufacturers like Noble or Panasonic don't offer these any more. A current sample of top of the line pots is the RK27 by ALPS, which is used inside HPA 100 and HPA V200.

Why are high supply voltages essential?
A headphone doesn't really require high power, but from the equation P = U2 / R we can see that the square of the supply voltage determines the power into a given load resistance. The higher the headphone's impedance, the more voltage will be needed. But this deals with the achievable loudness to a limited extent only: Technically spoken, music lives on fast transients which put high demands on signal processing. And thus a fast transient can easily push an average amplifier with +/-15 volts supply to its limits. Due to VIOLECTRIC´s high supply voltage you will benefit from doubled output swing capability.

Why is a high damping factor essential?
When actuated, electro-dynamic systems respond with a counterforce. When the voice coil of a headphone has been displaced by the signal, an (error)-current will be induced when it swings back to its initial position. This current must be suppressed as far as possible, which is effected best if the amplifier's output impedance is the lowest possible. The damping factor describes nothing but the ratio between output impedance of an amplifier and a given load. Since there is no known technical specifications, we define the load (voice coil impedance) as 50 ohms. This results in an output impedance of <0.06 ohms in case of the HPA V200.

Why does a relay make sense when switching power?
Amplifiers generate unwanted output signals when applying or removing power, which can damage the connected headphones. The relay breaks the connection between amplifier and headphone and thus protects the latter until electrical conditions have stabilized.

Why have we made such a huge effort?
A headphone amplifier is a device designed to condition audio signals with regard to the very specific requirements of headphones. This doesn't sound too spectacular at the first glance and can be achieved relatively easily. As with many things however, the devil is in the details and much more effort is required to design one amplifier for (nearly) all current headphone models. Headphones per se are quite diverse, and there are two essential parameters: impedance and sensitivity.
In general, headphones with higher impedance can be regarded as less sensitive than headphones with low impedance (which is not generally true, but in the majority of cases). The sensitivity of headphones is usually stated in dB (sound pressure level) per Milliwatt.
Extremes in this sense are the AKG K1000 with 74dB/mW on the one hand, and the Sennheiser HD25 with108 dB/mW on the other hand: The K1000 requires 2500 times the power to achieve the same sound pressure as the HD25.
There is also the fact that headphones with high impedance usually require much higher voltage to achieve high loudness. Thus the amplifier must be designed with high internal supply voltages.

Which USB devices can be connected to the HPA V200?
Since the HPA V200 is a terminal device after USB regulations, it has a type-B interface. Connections can only be established to hosts (tabletop or laptop PCs). MP3 players or similar gear cannot be connected digitally via USB. Of coarse you may connect these devices in the analog domain.

What about the quality of the USB input?
No matter if it's encoded MP3, CD audio or other audio files played back from the host, the USB input is operated at 16 bit and (usually) 44.1kHz sample rate. The USB receiver forwards the data to a D/A converter offering 105dB dynamic range and �95dB THD+N. With these parameters, the achievable quality conforms the 16-bit CD standard, but is somewhat worse than the overall analog performance of the HPA V200.

Why does 100% host volume setting make sense?
Volume control within the host is always accomplished digitally, i.e. bits are removed from the data stream. Therefore a signal attenuated by 12dB has only 12 active bits left and distortion increases to 0,4 %.

Can the USB signal be utilized any further?
When the unbalanced RCA sockets of the HPA V200 are configured as outputs, the converted USB signal is available there in analog form and can be used to feed further external audio devices, like amplifiers e.g.

What the Experts Are Saying About Violectric


November 2009: Test in Hifi Statement (click to read full review)
Dr. Reinhold Martin who was in charge for testing was so impressed about HPA V200 that he ordered one piece of HPA V200 afterwards to serve as his personal reference unit!"

November 2009: Comparative Test in Professional Audio Musik & Equipment
All three Violectric headphone amplifiers are real top devices which provide together with high quality headphones a real treat for the ears. Who would want it absolutely honest and neutral is best suited with the V100. Who requires even more detailed sound and an impulse behaviour hardly more to be excelled, has to take V200 into account. In every aspect this is the best headphone amplifier we have ever tested."

November 2009: Test in STUDIO Magazine
My hearing test proved in practically every discipline clear advantages for the Violectric HPA V200. It showed very exactly illustrated transients, delivered clean impulses in the area of low frequencies and was convincing with much finer details and an outlined, defined bass reproduction. My other amplifiers pointed out blurred transients which tended to be pulled wide in the time domain and decreased impulses discernible without strain, also with deep frequency which sounded rather spongy. In the same manner a clearly better localisation on the stereobase, a more differentiated picture of the acoustical rooms and progressive depth rates revealed from the V200. To say it with a sentence, the V200 simply sounded classes better (compared to the headphone outputs of a CD player and the Benchmark DAC), comprehensible under any circustances with both headphones (Beyerdynamic DT880 / Ultrasone edition 8). I had the impression to put on a better headphone together with the Violectric product."